Tag Archives: environment @en

During the last 300 years, since the industrial revolution, levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases have steeply risen in the atmosphere. Continued emissions of greenhouse gases will cause further warming and changes in all components of the climate system. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time. We need to change the way we live and limit our carbon dioxide emissions in order to mitigate the negative externalities of climate change.
Against that background of real and immediate impacts and risks, the world gathered in Paris in December 2015 to agree on a new climate agreement . It is an ambitious agreement with a long-term goal to keep temperature increases below 2˚C, and pursue efforts to limit temperature increases to 1.5˚C.
Since the successful adaptation of the Paris Agreement in December 2015, a large and diverse group of countries are willing to join for the best possible outcome after Paris. Around 190 countries have submitted their plans, many of which include adaptation measures.

Armenia and the European Union are working together to mitigate the impact of climate change. The European Union is a leader in the provision of funding to support climate change mitigation and adaptation. At least 20% of the budget in the 2014-2020 periods will be spent on climate-related projects and policies, in the EU and externally.
The European Union has funded the Clima East project, which focuses on assistance in climate change policy to the ENP countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine). This project has provided expert assistance, which has helped to elaborate recommendations for the future National Adaptation Plan (NAP) of the Republic of Armenia.

On August 31, a workshop was organised by the Ministry of Nature Protection with the support of the Clima East project to review and to ensure civil society participation in defining Armenia’s adaptation to climate change and the national adaptation policy in Armenia.
Simon Papyan, First Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia, presented Armenia’s role in global climate change: ‘In September 2015, before the UN conference on climate change in Paris, we presented Armenia’s climate change programme.’ The Deputy Minister confirmed that the Armenian government will commence ratification of the Paris Agreement on climate change by the end of September 2016.
John Barker, the International Aid/Cooperation Officer of the European Union Delegation to Armenia, made opening remarks at the workshop: ‘The EU is committed to help you adapt practices and reduce the consequences and impact of climate change. This support will be offered to all countries that will apply the Paris Agreement’.

At the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the first-ever legally binding global climate deal. For more information please visit the following webpage: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/international/negotiations/paris/index_en.htm

On 19 December a loan and grant agreement was signed between the Ministry of Finance and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) at the premises of Armenian Ministry of Finance. In accordance with the agreement the EBRD will provide a €3.5 million loan to the Armenian government within the framework of “Solid waste management programme in Kotayk Marz”. Additionally, the Minister of Finance Gagik Khachatryan and Head of the EBRD Mark Davis signed a €3.5 million grant agreement, which will be provided through the EU Neighbourhood Investment Instrument.

Within the scope of the programme another €1.07 million will be contributed as technical support. This programme aims at improving solid waste management in Kotayk marz and city of Sevan. During the implementation of the progarmme a new rubbish dump will be built and necessary equipment will be purchased that includes garbage collecting trucks, garbage containers. As a part of technical assistance a number of environmental and social supplementary researches, purchase assistance, etc.

On 19 November representatives of the EU Delegation to Armenia, the Armenian Ministry of Agriculture, “Hayantar” State Non-Commercial Organisation and WWF Armenia attended the Gugarq forest enterprise in Lori province. It is one of two forest enterprises that have undergone transformation to contribute to climate change-resistant forests. Forest transformation is being carried out within the framework of the EU-funded project called “Increasing the Resilience of Forest Ecosystems against Climate Change in the Southern Caucasus through Forest Transformation”.

The representative of the EU Delegation to Armenia, John Barker, noted that this was a regional project that included Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Overall, 450 hectares are due to be transformed within the framework of the project: ‘We are trying to implement innovative methods and improve environmental issues in the region’.

Project Coordinator Arthur Alaverdyan talked about the objectives of the project: ‘Within the scope of the project we will try to transform forests in selected pilot sites, from homogeneous to diverse, as the latter is more resistant to the climate alterations. At the Lernantsk pilot site of the Gugark forest enterprise we have transformed 24 hectares of woods so that, in the near future, we will have various types of trees. In addition to the transformational component our project includes capacity-building, awareness-raising and educational components, and cooperation with different sate institutions and neighbouring communities’.

A forest transformation manual will be created to disseminate information and promote the transformation of various sites in Armenia. The initiators of the project believe that it will decrease the unemployment in communities, as all the work is being carried out by local community members.

Two pilot sites covering a total area of 150 hectares, the Gugarq and Noyemberyan forest enterprises managed by “Hayantar” SNCO (in Lori and Tavush regions respectively), will be transformed into more resilient and “close-to-nature” forests. The fencing of pilot sites was finalised at the end of 2012; transformation activities began in autumn 2012 and will end in spring 2015. The project is being implemented by WWF Armenia with the objective to mitigate climate change impacts and improve the biodiversity and livelihoods of local populations.