Poland | EUNewsletter

Poland: A subterranean museum

The town of Wieliczka in Poland hosts the only industrial salt mine which has operated for seven consecutive centuries without interruption.

The mine, with its vertical and horizontal scoops, stretches 57-198 metres deep, with total length of its corridors and galleries of more than 200 km.

Spread over nine levels, the mine is home to various galleries, subterranean lakes, an altar set in stone, numerous sculptures from salt and even chandeliers made of salt crystals. This salt mine which resembles a subterranean museum reflects all the historic stages of development in mining techniques from the 13th to the 20th century.

The first tourist route into the mine opened in the middle of the 19th century. In 1978 the Wieliczka salt mine was added to the UNESCO world cultural and natural heritage list.